1) Title of image is “Le Bais er de l’Hotel de ville, Paris, 1950”. It is a photograph taken in 1950 by French photographer Robert Doisneau. The photo was taken for Life Magazine. Two lawsuits from people believing themselves to be the couple in the photo led Daoisneau to reveal the photo had been staged. The photo is controversial due to the mystery of who the couple in the photo are. Lawsuits were dismissed as it’s impossible to identify people from the angle of the photograph.
2) Illustrator David Lloyd is responsible for designing the ‘Guy Fawkes mask’. The mask has been used in multiple contexts sine creation, one of the most known being as a major plot element in V for Vendetta (published 1982, film adaptation released 2006). The mask became a symbol for online hactivist group Anonymous and several anti-government / anti-establishment protests worldwide. The mask conceals identity and unites members under commitment to a common cause.
3) I personally perceive the dress as blue and black or blue and gold depending on the image. People see different colours because of how their eyes see waves of colour and what information their brain filters out or keeps. The brain takes away what colour light is bouncing off of what is being looked at, leaving the true colour.
4) Simon Patterson, an English artist, re-made and altered Harry Beck’s iconic London underground diagram, replacing station names with those of comedians, footballers and philosophers. He likes to teak information that is seen as reliable and subvert that belief, commenting that he likes ‘disrupting something people take as read’. A print of this work can be purchased at:
5) The still is from the film ‘Un Chien Andalou’. It is a 1929 silent short film directed by Spanish director Luis Buniel and artist Salvador Dali. The sequence with the eye was done using an animal eye and make-up to make it appear human.
6) The artwork was designed by William Morris in 1862 as a fruit themed wallpaper. The originals were created using wood blocks and mineral based natural pigments to create the prints which, nowadays, are done with specialised machinery for faster and more efficient production. The mediums used were gauche paint overplayed on pencil and crayon. A sample of the original can be found in the V&A museum.
7) The poster, called ‘beat the whites with the red wedge’ is a propaganda poster made in 1919 by artist El Lissitzky. The red triangle symbolises El Lissitzky’s support of the red army, the revolutionaries of the Bolsheviks 1917 revolution, piercing the defenses of the Anti-communist white army.
8) The man, Che Guevara, was a well known figure in the Cuban Revolution. He traveled around with the purpose of causing revolutions and is seen as a symbol of radical revolution for those underrepresented due to a capitalist society. The popular and famous photograph of him, taken by Alberto Korda, has been used on merchandise of all kinds, including t-shirts, mugs, posters, toys and packaging among many other products. Though the image became so popular the photographer earn no royalties through the use of his photo. Korda had given Italian publisher Gianfranco Feltrinelli two copies as a gift when the publisher came looking for a photo of Che. After Che was executed (October of the same year), Feltrinelli began printing and selling thousands of posters using the photograph, making himself rich but not giving Korda any royalties.
9) A meme is an ‘image, video, piece of text etc, typically humorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by internet users, often with slight variations’ or ‘an idea, behaviour, style or usage that spreads from one person to another in a culture’. There are multiple memes I found relating to Aylan Kurdi online, almost all in a ‘humerus’ light which, knowing the story behind the photograph, I feel is wrong as the subject matter should remain serious rather than comedic.
10) Mercury prize winner Dave Okumu us on the cover of the magazine ‘British Journal of Photography’ on the issue themed ‘Portrait of Britain’. The editors are as follows: editorial director – Simon Bainbridge; executive editor – Diane Smyth; online and social media editor – Tom Seymour; editorial assistant – Izabela Radwanska Zhang.
11) Bill Bragg won the V&A Illustration Awards – editorial illustration category with his work ‘but today I’m afraid’. The piece was made following the November 2015 Paris terror attacks. It was created to show backlash against Muslims and illustrate the authors fear.
12) The photo of Earth taken on the Apollo 8 mission by Bill Anders changed Human consciousness by giving people an environmental consciousness and new ‘world perspective’, later referred to as ‘the single most influential environmental photograph ever taken’.